Trees and Shrubs in Edible Landscaping

This is the collection of new trees and shrubs I’m adding to the landscape in 2019. All but the bayberries produce edible fruit and provide food and habitat for birds.

Most are being planted on 4/7/2019, due to beautiful weather.

Purchased from https://onlinetreefarm.webs.com/.

They have a terrible website, but great prices and good customer service.

Saskatoon Serviceberry Tree

This is a large shrub or small tree. Size reports vary. Mature trees can reach up to 15 to 30 feet  high by 8 to 15 feet wide.

Plant with 12-18 feet between rows and 3 feet between plants. Roots need at least 24 inches of depth. Doesn’t mind wet feet. Keep young plants well weeded.

Prune only dead, damaged or diseased stems within the first three years. After that, prune to keep the bush open for light and air movement. Replace all the fruiting wood over the course of every 3-4 years. The best fruit production usually occurs on vigorous 2 to 4 year-old stems.

http://saskatoonberryinstitute.org/saskatoons/

https://gardeningwithcharlie.com/grow-serviceberry.html 

Northern Bayberry Shrub

Bayberry can grow to 5 to 9 feet high and wide. Keep well weeded as it does not compete well. It is nitrogen fixing so can grow in poor soil. They are deer resistant and slow growing.

The white waxy coating on the berries are used for candle making.

https://www.thespruce.com/bayberry-shrubs-offer-gray-berries-salt-tolerance-2131960

https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_mope6.pdf

American Cranberry Bush

Grows 8′-12′ high and wide. Grows best in well-drained, moist soil with partial shade to full sun. Berries can be used like cranberries.

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/shrubs/viburnum/highbush-cranberry-plants.htm

https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=viopa2

https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=932

https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=viopa2

Sassafras Tree

Plant in full sun or partial shade.  Prefers moist, acidic, well-drained soil. Remove any shoots that develop if you want a single-trunk tree.

Medium to fast growth pace. Mature tree is 30’–60′ tall with a 25’–40′ spread.

https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=917

Fragrant ornamental tree. Bark and roots can be used to make sassafras tea.

https://www.wikihow.com/Make-Sassafras-Tea

Cherry Plum Tree

Mature tree can reach 25–40 feet tall.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherry_plum

https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/trees/cherry-plum/cherry-plum-information.htm

https://www.woodlandtrust.org.uk/visiting-woods/trees-woods-and-wildlife/british-trees/common-non-native-trees/cherry-plum/

Purchased from rareseeds.com

Dwarf everbearing mulberry. I bought these in 2018, but planted them in large grow bags, a they were small and the spot I want to plant them was not yet ready. (Still full of poison ivy and weeds). Looks like I might have bought a zone 7 variety. If they made it through this past brutally cold winter I will plant them in the shallow swale on the north side of the house.

(Morus nigra) Morus nigra is a medium size black mulberry.  Mature height is six to eight feet in the ground. However, this may not b morus nigra. so, could be up  to 15 feet.

https://www.growingmulberry.org/selection

https://growingfruit.org/t/dwarf-everbearing-mulberry-m-nigra/10867/2

https://www.rareseeds.com/mulberry-dwarf-everbearing-2-plants-ships-march-june-/ 

Purchased from Marcs (a local discount grocery store).

Western Sand Cherry

The western sand cherry shrub grows to 6′ high by 6′ wide.

The berries can be eaten fresh, dried, or made into jams and pies.

https://www.naturehills.com/western-sand-cherry

https://www.ag.ndsu.edu/trees/handbook/th-3-45.pdf

Nanking Cherry

The nanking cherry shrub grows to 6–10′ high with a spread of 15 feet. The tart cherries can be eaten fresh or used for pies  and jams.

https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=815

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